Welcome to Camas COUNTY

In the early 1850’s Goodale’s Cutoff was a heavily used emigrant route that ran the length of Camas Prairie.

During those years the Bannock Indians would gather in the area during the summer and hunt wild life and gather Camas (wild onion) and Yampas (wild carrot) roots to store for winter use.

Camas county is full of history, stories, dreams and beauty.



  Camas County was formed on February 6, 1917 from Blaine County consisting of eleven hundred square miles. It has been under the jurisdiction of ten separate counties, between 1843 and 1917.  They are in order of their creation; Champaign, Linn, Wasco, Shoshone, Idaho, Boise, Alturas, Logan, Alta and Blaine, either by the first Territory or State of Idaho. Alturas County was the second largest county created by the first Territorial Legislative Assembly.  Old Alturas known as  the "Empire" county, extending from Boise east to the Little Lost River, north from  the Sawtooth Range and south to the Snake River. On December 11, 1882 at the 12th session of the Idaho Territorial Legislative Assembly, a bill to create a county from the western end of Alturas called Camas was introduced.  Thus after a Long and involved controversy concerning the creation of counties from the original Alturas, Camas County was formed. The County seat is at Fairfield.

Camas County consists of the small mining towns of Soldier, now a ghost town. In 1883 Frank and Nettie Laurence lived on Soldier Creek and built a home there. They died and are buried on soldier creek. The town seemed secure until the OSL by passed it, going 2 miles south, residents and businesses vacated and moved to the RR site and named the site New Soldier, later re-naming it Fair Field. Corral sits in the S.W. in county. Hill City 14 miles S.W. of Fairfield first named Prairie for Camas Prairie but changed to Hill City. Some of the early settlers in 1885 were the Johnson brothers, George, Gustavis, Lester, Bert, Lou and two sisters, Zena and Mrs. Monroe. Fairfield (formerly New Soldier). Magic is in S.E. part of county on west side of Magic Reservoir, It had a post office from 1913-1921. Although there was once nine small settlements or towns.

Camas was named for the lily-like plant found in the area with an edible bulb, gathered in the summer and used by the Bannock Indians and then by settlers. .


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Christine Storey is the Gen Web County Coordinator for this county. 

This site updated January 2014 2011-2014


The USGENWEB Project Land of the free

Western Marriage Index

Idaho State Gen Web

My Early Years: Essays by an Idaho cowboy

Civil War Veterans Of Camas County

Camas Prairie Pioneers

Camas County Archives

Camas County Sheriffs

Idaho Death Index      1911-1951 and Death Notices

Town past and present

USGen Web Archives

Idaho Gen Web Archives Idaho Digital library ftp site Alturas County Census, Land Records, WWI Draftees, Etc. (also check Blaine County)

Camas County Schools 1883-1990

Camas County Early Post Offices

Old Newspapers

Camas Early Epidemics

Cemeteries and Churches

Old Obituaries from Newspapers

Oregon Trail

Idaho State Archives

Camas County Volunteers


Camas County, Idaho, History Site

Camas County Photo Album

Old Disease Names

The Virtual Wall - Vietnam Casualties 508th Parachute Infantry Regiment

Claims filed on Camas Prairie land

Idahoan Legacy Roots

Administration school years 1959, 1960, 1961, 1962

Search the 1940 Census

surnames attending Fairfield high School-1959 thru 1962 

Search Wiki

Idaho Penitentiary Inmates Files 1864-1975

Penny Post cards from Idaho


County Clerk
County Courthouse
Fairfield, ID 83327
Phone: (208) 764-2242
Fax: (208) 764-2349

Camas County Historical Society
General Delivery  Fairfield, ID 83327


Fairfield Train Depot Museum

120 Willow Ave. E., Fairfield, ID. 83327

Camas County Public Library
519 First St
PO Box 292
Fairfield,  ID   83327


Books to read

(1)A brief History of Camas prairie Idaho by Lucy M. Nelson. (2) The Gods of Soldier Mountains by Katherine Burns. (3) History of Camas County Idaho by John F. Ryan. (4) Lasting legacy 1890-1900 Camas County by Nan Reedy & Lena Nash Rice



CORRAL CEMETERY 2 miles north, 8 miles west of Fairfield, Camas Co. ID                                      


HILL CITY CEMETERY Near Hill City, Camas Co. ID 


MANARD CEMETERY 2 miles east, 4 miles south of Fairfield, Camas Co. ID (not maintained but county owned)


MOUNTAIN VIEW CEMETERY 5 miles north of Fairfield, Camas Co. ID


SCATTERED GRAVES various locations in Camas County Idaho. (On farms, ranches and in the mountains.)



2002-2009 Katie King & Charlotte Slater

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